Software Development News



Computers & Math News -- ScienceDaily
Computers & Math News -- ScienceDaily
Hacking and computer security. Read today's research news on hacking and protecting against codebreakers. New software, secure data sharing, and more.

Robots as tools and partners in rehabilitation
Why trust should play a crucial part in the development of intelligent machines for medical therapies.
More efficient security for cloud-based machine learning
A novel encryption method secures data used in online neural networks, without dramatically slowing their runtimes. This approach holds promise for using cloud-based neural networks for medical-image analysis and other applications that use sensitive data.
Novel sensors could enable smarter textiles
A fabric coating with thin, lightweight and flexible pressure sensors that can be embedded into shoes and other functional garments, sensors that can measure everything from the light touch of a finger to being driven over by a forklift. And it's comfortable to boot!
More workers working might not get more work done, ants (and robots) show
For ants and robots operating in confined spaces like tunnels, having more workers does not necessarily mean getting more work done. Just as too many cooks in a kitchen get in each other's way, having too many robots in tunnels creates clogs that can bring the work to a grinding halt.
Ciircuit-switching tech to help data centers recover from failures
Engineers develop ShareBackup, a hardware and software solution to help data centers recover from failures without slowing applications.
Internet of Things technology can boost classroom learning and bridge gender divide
The use of Internet of Things devices in the classroom can have major educational benefits and appeal to both genders if designed and used in the right way, according to new research.
Printable tags turn everyday objects into smart, connected devices
Engineers have developed printable metal tags that could be attached to plain objects, like water bottles, walls or doors, and turn them into 'smart' Internet of Things devices. The tags can also be fashioned into paper-thin control panels that can be used to remotely operate WiFi-connected speakers, smart lights and other smart home appliances. The metal tags are made from patterns of copper foil printed onto paper-like materials and disturb WiFi signals when touched.
Key factor may be missing from models that predict disease outbreaks from climate change
A new study suggests that computer models used to predict the spread of epidemics from climate change -- such as crop blights or disease outbreaks -- may not take into account an important factor in predicting their severity.
Math shows how human behavior spreads infectious diseases
Mathematics can help public health workers better understand and influence human behaviors that lead to the spread of infectious disease.
Mapping the future direction for quantum research
The way research in quantum technology will be taken forward has been laid out in a revised roadmap for the field. Quantum researchers summarize the field's current status, and examine its challenges and goals.
Robots have power to significantly influence children's opinions
Young children are significantly more likely than adults to have their opinions and decisions influenced by robots, according to new research.
Robots will never replace teachers but can boost children's education
Robots can play an important role in the education of young people but will never fully replace teachers, a new study suggests.
Magnetic antiparticles offer new horizons for information technologies
Computer simulations reveal new behavior of antiskyrmions in gradually increased electric currents.
Predicting landslide boundaries two weeks before they happen
Researchers have developed a software tool that uses applied mathematics and big data analytics to predict the boundary of where a landslide will occur, two weeks in advance.
Password managers vulnerable to insider hacking
A new study shows that communication channels between different parts and pieces of computer software are prone to security breaches. Anyone with access to a shared computer -- co-workers, family members, or guests -- can attack or involuntarily subject it to security breaches.
Computer security: Processor vulnerability can be exploited to access memory
Two international teams of security researchers have uncovered Foreshadow, a new variant of the hardware vulnerability Meltdown announced earlier in the year, that can be exploited to bypass Intel processors' secure regions to access memory and data.
App that will extend your smartphone battery life
New research has found a novel method to extend the battery life of smartphones for up to an hour each day.
Common Wifi can detect weapons, bombs and chemicals in bags
Ordinary WiFi can easily detect weapons, bombs and explosive chemicals in bags at museums, stadiums, theme parks, schools and other public venues, according to a new study. The researchers' suspicious object detection system is easy to set up, reduces security screening costs and avoids invading privacy such as when screeners open and inspect bags, backpacks and luggage. Traditional screening typically requires high staffing levels and costly specialized equipment.
Chips, light and coding moves the front line in beating bacteria
A multidisciplinary study finds a way to examine biofilms with high efficiency.
Security gaps identified in Internet protocol 'IPsec'
Researchers have demonstrated that the Internet protocol 'IPsec' is vulnerable to attacks. The Internet Key Exchange protocol 'IKEv1', which is part of the protocol family, has vulnerabilities that enable potential attackers to interfere with the communication process and intercept specific information.
Light-engineered bacterial shapes could hold key to future labs-on-a-chip
Scientists have used light patterns to control the swimming speed of bacteria and direct them to form different shapes.
Ecology of investors in financial markets
Researchers studied the similarity of investment decisions in the financial market and how the investment strategies used by the investors influence the volatility of the markets by using an exceptionally large set of empirical data. The results help in understanding the operation of financial markets and shed light on the connection of earlier theories to the actual stock market.
Audience members influence value creation in the TV audience market
A recent article examined the changing relationship between traditional TV providers and their audiences. The notion of sharing, which is most prominent in the current buzzword of the 'sharing economy' may be applied to understanding current trends in TV markets.
New interactive machine learning tool makes car designs more aerodynamic
When engineers or designers wanted to test the aerodynamic properties of the newly designed car or an airplane, the procedure usually took hours or even a day. Engineers have now significantly sped up this process, making streamlines and parameters available in real-time. Their method is among the first to use machine learning to model flow around continuously editable 3D objects.
Long-sought carbon structure joins graphene, fullerene family
Scientists have been playing with pure carbon compounds for centuries, starting with diamond and graphite and now with fullerenes, nanotubes and graphene. One type of 3D geometry has been missing, however: a negatively curved carbon-cage surface called schwarzite. Chemists have now shown that serendipitously produced materials called zeolite-templated carbons are in fact the long-sought schwarzites. Their recipe for making schwarzites could make them practical in electronics and gas storage.
Mathematicians solve age-old spaghetti mystery
It's nearly impossible to break a dry spaghetti noodle into only two pieces. A new MIT study shows how and why it can be done.
Collaborate, but only intermittently, says new study
Technologies and organizations should be redesigned to intermittently isolate people from each other's work for best collective performance in solving complex problems.
Thermal switch discovered in engineered squid-based biomaterials
Tuning materials for optimal optical and electrical properties is becoming commonplace. Now, researchers and manufacturers may be able to tune materials for thermal conductivity by using a squid-inspired protein made of multiple DNA repeats.
Why zebrafish (almost) always have stripes
A mathematical model helps explain the key role that one pigment cells plays in making sure that each stripe on a zebrafish ends up exactly where it belongs.
Wearable devices and mobile health technology: One step towards better health
With increasing efforts being made to address the current global obesity epidemic, wearable devices and mobile health ('mHealth') technology have emerged as promising tools for promoting physical activity. However, current literature seems to indicate that these new technologies may serve best as part of a larger overall health plan, rather than working alone to encourage weight loss.
'Building up' stretchable electronics to be as multipurpose as your smartphone
By stacking and connecting layers of stretchable circuits on top of one another, engineers have developed an approach to build soft, pliable '3D stretchable electronics' that can pack a lot of functions while staying thin and small in size.
Artificial intelligence platform screens for acute neurological illnesses
An artificial intelligence platform designed to identify a broad range of acute neurological illnesses, such as stroke, hemorrhage, and hydrocephalus, was shown to identify disease in CT scans in 1.2 seconds, faster than human diagnosis.
Toward a universal quantum computer
Researchers have demonstrated holonomic quantum gates under zero-magnetic field at room temperature, which will enable the realization of fast and fault-tolerant universal quantum computers.
Breaking down the Wiedemann-Franz law
A study exploring the coupling between heat and particle currents in a gas of strongly interacting atoms highlights the fundamental role of quantum correlations in transport phenomena, breaks the revered Wiedemann-Franz law, and should open up an experimental route to testing novel ideas for thermoelectric devices.
AI model 'learns' from patient data to make cancer treatment less toxic
Researchers are employing novel machine-learning techniques to improve the quality of life for patients by reducing toxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy dosing for glioblastoma, the most aggressive form of brain cancer.
New water simulation captures small details even in large scenes
When designers select a method for simulating water and waves, they have to choose either fast computation or realistic effects; state-of-the-art methods are only able to optimize one or the other. Now, a new method bridges this gap. Their simulation method can reproduce complex interactions with the environment and tiny details over huge areas--all in real time.
Machine learning technique reconstructs images passing through a multimode fiber
Through innovative use of a neural network that mimics image processing by the human brain, a research team reports accurate reconstruction of images transmitted over optical fibers for distances of up to a kilometer.
Why do some microbes live in your gut while others don't?
Researchers have developed a new computational approach to identify the genes that may be important to help microbes live successfully in the human gut.
A video game can change the brain, may improve empathy in middle schoolers
A fantastical scenario involving a space-exploring robot crashing on a distant planet is the premise of a video game developed for middle schoolers by researchers to study whether video games can boost kids' empathy, and to understand how learning such skills can change neural connections in the brain.
New study views cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve patient outcomes
Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article. The study challenges the decades old standard of treatment for metastatic cancers in which drugs are typically administered continuously at the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) until the tumor progresses.
Viewing cancer treatment as a game to find strategies that improve patient outcomes
Game theory can be utilized to identify potential flaws in current cancer treatment approaches and suggest new strategies to improve outcomes in patients with metastatic cancer, according to a new article. The study challenges the decades old standard of treatment for metastatic cancers in which drugs are typically administered continuously at the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) until the tumor progresses.
Popular encryption software: Researchers help close security hole
Cybersecurity researchers have helped close a security vulnerability that could have allowed hackers to steal encryption keys from a popular security package by briefly listening in on unintended 'side channel' signals from smartphones.
Supercomputer simulations show new target in HIV-1 replication
A new study has found naturally-occurring compound inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) promotes both assembly and maturation of HIV-1. NSF-XSEDE allocations on the Stampede2 supercomputing system at the Texas Advanced Computing Center and on Anton2 at the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center simulated atomistic interactions of IP6 molecule with HIV structural proteins. The research opens door for development of new treatments of HIV-1 virus.
Crowdsourcing algorithms to predict epileptic seizures
A study reveals clinically relevant epileptic seizure prediction is possible in a wider range of patients than previously thought, thanks to the crowdsourcing of more than 10,000 algorithms worldwide.
Introducing the latest in textiles: Soft hardware
Researchers have incorporated electronic devices into soft fabrics, potentially making it possible to produce clothing that communicates optically with other devices.
Novel approach to coherent control of a three-level quantum system
For the first time, researchers were able to study quantum interference in a three-level quantum system and thereby control the behavior of individual electron spins. To this end, they used a novel nanostructure, in which a quantum system is integrated into a nanoscale mechanical oscillator in form of a diamond cantilever.
Holding law enforcement accountable for electronic surveillance
A new cryptographic system is aimed at improving government accountability for surveillance while still maintaining enough confidentiality for police to do their jobs. AUDIT involves a public ledger in which officials share information about data requests through so-called 'cryptographic commitments.' If the courts decide to release the data they requested, the public can be assured that the correct documents were released in full; if they decide not to, then that refusal itself is made known.
Early mediation leads to better outcomes
The sooner a case is referred to mediation the better, according to the first empirical analysis of mediation in Singapore's courts.
How a computer learns to dribble: Practice, practice, practice
Basketball players need lots of practice before they master the dribble, and it turns out that's true for computer-animated players as well. By using deep reinforcement learning, players in video basketball games can glean insights from motion capture data to sharpen their dribbling skills.
Smart wristband with link to smartphones could monitor health, environmental exposures
Engineers have created a smart wristband with a wireless connection to smartphones that will enable a new wave of personal health and environmental monitoring devices. Their technology could be added to watches and other wearable devices that monitor heart rates and physical activity.
Alexa, be my friend: Children talk to technology, but how does it respond?
Children communicate with technology differently than adults do, and a more responsive device -- one that repeats or prompts the user, for example -- could be more useful to more people. A new study examines how young children talk to technology.
A system to synthesize realistic sounds for computer animation
Sounds accompanying computer-animated content are usually created with recordings. Now, a new system synthesizes synchronized sound at the push of a button.
Soft multi-functional robots get really small ... and spider-shaped
Scientists have created -- of all things -- a soft robotic spider. Don't worry, it doesn't bite: the spider is a demonstration of a new manufacturing process that can produce soft robots on the millimeter scale with micrometer-scale features for microsurgery and other procedures.
New tools, old rules: Limit screen-based recreational media at home
Screen time from computers, phones, tablet computers, video games, TV and other screen-based devices is associated with increased sedentary behavior in children and teens. Sedentary behaviors contribute to overweight and obesity. TV viewing has decreased among young people, but overall screen media consumption has increased substantially in this age group.
Vaping draws strong support -- from bots
More than 70 percent of a random sample of tweets analyzed appear to have been produced by bots, whose use to influence public opinion while posing as real people is coming under increased scrutiny.
Math with good posture can mean better scores, study suggests
A new study finding that students perform better at math while sitting with good posture could have implications for other kinds of performance under pressure.
Improved passphrases could make online experiences both user-friendly and secure
Human factors researchers' alternative passphrase systems showed significantly better user recall compared with existing systems.
Analysis chronicles changes in US investment
A new analysis examines how changes in innovation within firms and a shortage of human capital in the United States in the fields of software and IT have driven US multinational companies to establish and expand new innovation hubs abroad.
Locusts help uncover the mysteries of smell
By looking into the brains of locusts, researchers have determined how one smell can affect another, and how a locust can recognize a smell even though its brain activity looks different depending on the context.
The subtle mechanics of an avalanche -- as seen in 3D
Drawing on the fact that the snow in an avalanche can behave like both a solid and a fluid, a researcher has managed to simulate a snow slab avalanche with unrivaled precision.

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